Rifleman, TitipounamuAcanthisitta chloris
New Zealand status: Endemic
Conservation status: Not Threatened
The Rifleman/titipounamu is New Zealand’s smallest bird.
They can be hard to detect given their tiny size and very high-pitched calls. Males are moss green on top while females are speckled brown, and both have cream underparts and distinctive pale brows. Juveniles have dark streaks over their head and breast. The birds have a slender, pointed black bill and a very short tail.
In Dunedin, there are nesting pairs in Ross Creek Reserve, Orokonui Ecosanctuary and in native forest around Portobello on the Otago Peninsula.